Originally crafted by furniture makes in New York, who were inspired by the Spanish Mission furniture from California. It quickly became central to the Arts & Crafts Movement. Mission typically make of oak wood of rectilinear design, with some exposed carpentry; Upholstered simply in either fabric or leather.
The preeminent makers of Mission furniture were Stickley’s Craftsman Workshops and the Roycroft Community, both located in New York. The style was particularly popular out west and had a pronounced influence on the bungalow houses built by California architects Charles and Henry Greene. Its influence can also be seen in the early work of Frank Lloyd Wright.